Apple Inc. and Broadcom Inc. must pay US$1.1 billion in damages for infringing California Institute of Technology patents on Wi-Fi transmissions, a jury in California ordered.

Apple was ordered to pay US$838 million, while Broadcom was ordered to pay US$270 million, according lawyers for CalTech.

Apple said it planned to appeal the verdict. Broadcom didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.

CalTech filed the lawsuit in 2016, claiming Broadcom Wi-Fi chips in Apple products infringed its patents. The Apple products cited were the iPhones iPads, iPods, Watches, Apple TVs, Macs, iMacs, HomePods, Macbooks, and Airport routers.

The patents relate to coding systems that correct errors in transmission of data used in the 802.11 Wi-Fi standard.

Apple and Broadcom denied infringing the patents, and said the school wasn’t entitled to significant damages even if they were using the inventions.

The only issues before the jury were whether the Broadcom chips used the university’s patents and, if so, how much in damages was owed.

The case is California Institute of Technology v Broadcom Ltd., 16-2714, U.S. District Court for the Central District of California (Los Angeles).