When it comes to the quality of life for women in Canada, not all cities are created equal.

The latest study released Tuesday by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) ranked Victoria as the best city to live in as a woman. Windsor, for the second year in a row, has found itself at the bottom of the list.

The report provides a snapshot of “inequalities that can be attributed, at least in part, to discrimination based on gender,” according to the CCPA’s news release. It focused on women’s economic and personal security, education, health, and positions of leadership in Canada’s 25 largest cities.

It found that in Victoria, B.C., women hold a greater number of leadership positions compared to the rest of the country, accounting for nearly half of the elected and senior management positions in the region. However, the study noted the wage gap in Victoria has worsened slightly over the past five years.

Windsor, in contrast, ranked near the bottom with regards to women in leadership positions, with only one woman on the city council. And the employment gap has increased slightly in the past year as the rate of employed men rose faster than the rate of employed women.

But, while the economic conditions for women may vary throughout the country, the study noted that every city is still struggling “with stubbornly high rates of sexual and domestic violence.” It found that sexual assault rates have barely changed over the past decade.

The report’s author, CCPA’s senior researcher Kate McIntuff, acknowledged that statistics can’t fully capture the complexities of women’s lives and experiences across the country.

“Statistics will never be a substitute for the full experience of lives lived,” McIntuff said in the news release.

But, she added, the numbers can help leaders indicate areas that require further scrutiny. As “signposts,” she said, “they mark the spot where more attention is needed from our political leaders and policymakers.”

Here’s the full ranking, from the best to the worst Canadian city for women.

  1. Victoria
  2. Gatineau
  3. Hamilton
  4. Kingston
  5. Vancouver
  6. Quebec City
  7. St. John’s
  8. Sherbrooke
  9. Halifax
  10. Toronto
  11. Ottawa
  12. London
  13. Kelowna
  14. Abbotsford-Mission
  15. Montreal
  16. St. Catharines-Niagara
  17. Winnipeg
  18. Edmonton
  19. Saskatoon
  20. Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo
  21. Regina
  22. Calgary
  23. Barrie
  24. Oshawa
  25. Windsor