(Bloomberg) -- Germany has led a months-long crusade to extend the use of internal combustion engines under the European Union’s climate plans through the use of so-called e-fuels. Now, the bloc is set to put in place rules to decide how that works in practice.

New European Commission regulations will ensure that cars running on e-fuels — made using captured CO2 and renewable electricity — emit no new greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, according to a draft seen by Bloomberg. Automakers will have to ensure that vehicles can distinguish e-fuels from conventional fuel to stop cheating.

The draft rules come as Germany, home to Volkswagen AG, Mercedes-Benz Group and other major automakers, has pushed to ensure that new combustion engine cars can take to the road after 2035, the EU’s cut-off for vehicles to be emissions-free in order for the continent to turn climate neutral by 2050. The use of such fuel — which will be expensive — is likely to be limited to high-end vehicles.

Germany failed to to get e-fuels included as EU members agreed on a common position on non-CO2 emissions rules, known as Euro 7 on Monday. The countries watered down proposals by the commission on limits on tailpipe emissions, with the final shape of the rules still subject to negotiations with parliament.

“We’re in intense negotiations,” said Sven Giegold, state secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action, on the sidelines of the meeting of industry ministers in Brussels. “We need legal certainty.”

The use of conventional biofuels, which are derived from crops, will not be allowed.

The draft comes amid concerns of backsliding on climate and environmental commitments in Europe after the UK deferred its own ban on combustion engine cars by five years to 2035. The EU has also faced growing concerns over the pace of its transition, yet has so far managed to pass all elements of its landmark green deal.

The European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association said the Euro 7 agreement on tailpipe emissions will “require huge additional investments” by the industry that’s already funneling resources toward electrification, putting at risk vehicle affordability and the automotive sector’s competitiveness.

“The member states’ position is an improvement on the European Commission’s Euro 7 proposal, which was entirely disproportionate, driving high costs for industry and customers, with limited environmental benefits,” ACEA Director General Sigrid de Vries said in a statement. Nonetheless, “compared to what is in place today, Euro 7 is much broader” and “will require huge additional investments.”

Read more: What Are E-Fuels and Can They Make Cars Run Cleaner?

Here’s what the commission is set to put forward for e-fuels, according to the draft:

  • CO2 neutral fuels of non-biological origin will have to achieve greenhouse gas emissions savings of at least 100%
  • Manufacturers will have to ensure that all vehicles using such fuels are equipped with a ‘fueling monitor’ and a ‘fueling inducement system’ so they cannot run on any other types of fuel
    • Manufacturers will have to ensure that such systems are tamper-proof for the vehicle’s lifespan
  • If the engine is filled with non-CO2 neutral fuel, the car will not be able to start
  • Cars will be subject to conformity checks to test the functioning of the system

--With assistance from Albertina Torsoli.

(Updates with industry comment from eighth paragraph.)

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