(Bloomberg) -- Paul Ceglia has spent the last four years on the run to avoid a trial on charges he tried to cheat Facebook Inc. founder Mark Zuckerberg out of half the company. Now he’s been ordered home.
Ecuador’s National Court of Justice on Wednesday upheld a Nov. 15 extradition order requiring that Ceglia be returned to the U.S. to face federal criminal charges for allegedly making a fraudulent, multi-billion-dollar claim to the social media giant. Ceglia skipped his $250,000 bail in 2015 and eluded U.S. law enforcement until he was arrested in August in a small Ecuadorian beach town.
The ruling, by a panel of three judges in Quito, means Ceglia may face a trial featuring Facebook CEO Zuckerberg as the star prosecution witness. The Ecuadorian judges rejected Ceglia’s claim that the country’s extradition treaty with the U.S. doesn’t cover the crimes he’s accused of committing.
“I don’t think he’ll receive justice in the United States," Ceglia’s wife, Iasia Ceglia, said in a televised plea to Ecuadorian President Lenin Moreno before the decision. “It’s a huge corporation that is behind it, that has much power and much money. They can do anything they want. And I think he’ll end up in jail.”
Nicholas Biase, a spokesman for the U.S. Attorney in Manhattan, declined to comment.
More: Facebook Fugitive Paul Ceglia’s Three Years on the Run
It was Moreno’s predecessor, Rafael Correa, who in 2012 granted asylum to the country’s most notorious foreign fugitive, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. Moreno’s government last year tightened the rules for Assange to remain in Ecuador’s embassy in London, including a requirement he clean up after his cat. Assange said at the time he believed Moreno was seeking to force him out in response to pressure from the U.S. and U.K.
Ceglia, 45, sued Facebook and Zuckerberg in 2010, claiming that a contract he signed with Zuckerberg in 2003 gave him 84 percent of the company that would grow into the world’s biggest social network. Ceglia later reduced the demand to half. He was charged with wire fraud and mail fraud in New York in 2012.
A federal judge in Buffalo threw out Ceglia’s claim in 2014 after a magistrate judge found “clear and convincing evidence” that Ceglia had forged the contract, destroyed evidence and created fake emails between himself and Zuckerberg to support his claim.
In March 2015, Ceglia removed an electronic ankle bracelet and fled his western New York home with his wife and two sons, who were then 10 and 11, and the family’s Jack Russell Terrier, Buddy. While on the lam in 2016, Ceglia claimed he had fled with his family after receiving an anonymous death threat.
With Buddy in tow, the family spent more than a year hiding out in Florida and in “hippie communes” in Georgia and Missouri, Ceglia said in an interview in Quito’s “El Inca” jail last year. Early in their odyssey, the Ceglias posed as an Amish family, he said. They later fled by ship from Texas to Columbia, then overland to Ecuador.
Each of the criminal charges carries a maximum sentence of 20 years in prison if Ceglia is convicted. He maintains that his claim against Facebook is genuine and that he didn’t commit any crime.
“I needed to go to another country to get justice,” Ceglia said in the jailhouse interview.
While in Ecuador, the couple had a third son, now almost a year old. In his bid for asylum, Ceglia cited his relationship to the baby, a citizen of the nation by birth. One of Ceglia’s lawyers argued Monday that Iasia Ceglia, who isn’t charged, could face charges of helping her husband flee if she returns, potentially leaving the child without parents.
The case is U.S. v. Ceglia, 12-cr-876, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York (Manhattan).
(Updates with U.S. Attorney’s office declining to comment in fifth paragraph.)
To contact the reporter on this story: Bob Van Voris in federal court in Manhattan at email@example.com
To contact the editors responsible for this story: David Glovin at firstname.lastname@example.org, Peter Jeffrey, Joe Schneider
©2019 Bloomberg L.P.