Jan 26, 2023
Hunt Claims Brexit Will Drive Growth as He Rules Out UK Tax Cuts
(Bloomberg) -- Chancellor of the Exchequer Jeremy Hunt dismissed calls for tax cuts and pushed back against green energy subsidies, warning that “sound money must come first” as he argued that Brexit will drive UK economic growth.
In an interview with Bloomberg TV, Hunt said: “At the moment, we don’t have the headroom for major cuts. Businesses want that, who wouldn’t? But what businesses want even more is stability.”
Hunt was speaking at Bloomberg’s European headquarters in London, where he made it clear that fiscal constraints will make it hard to find space for business tax cuts to boost investment in the upcoming budget on March 15. That would be his priority if the Treasury finds any headroom, Hunt said.
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With no money available for giveaways, the chancellor also pushed back against US and European plans to subsidize green industry, which threaten to divert investment from the UK.
Business Secretary Grant Shapps has said there is a “dangerous” risk of the world sliding toward protectionism, and Hunt repeated the warning, saying “we do have concerns.”
“I don’t think subsidies are necessarily the best way,” he said. “We should benefit from free and open trade between countries that share that [net zero] ambition.”
The Biden administration has earmarked around $400 billion for subsidies under its Inflation Reduction Act, while the European Union is looking at a response totaling several hundred billion euros that would involve relaxing state aid rules.
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Hunt signaled that UK companies can be leaders in green technology without the help of government subsidies. He said he would seek to use freedoms secured by leaving the European Union to tackle a crisis in economic inactivity and improve sluggish growth figures.
While saying that Britain needs lower taxes, the chancellor insisted that reducing inflation should be the first priority.
“Lower taxes are part of the vital incentives to encourage people to set up companies and invest,” Hunt said, adding: “We want to go there.” He said that would require “restraint on spending” and signs of better economic growth.
Hunt’s words will disappoint right-wing Tories, who remain vocal even after Liz Truss’s unfunded £45 billion September giveaway sank the pound, destabilized the bond market and ultimately ended her premiership. He has since unpicked the bulk of Truss’s measures, putting the UK on a path to its highest tax burden since World War II.
Earlier, Hunt pitched Britain as a hub for high-growth, high-tech industries to an audience including tech and industry leaders, outlining four “pillars” of economic growth and prosperity: “Enterprise, education, employment, everywhere.”
Read More: Hunt Says HS2 Rail Line Will End in Central London
“With volatile markets and high inflation, sound money must come first,” he said. “But our ambition should be to have nothing less than the most competitive tax regime of any major country.”
The chancellor made no specific policy pledges, prompting criticism from business lobby groups.
“We heard nothing about how it would be done,” said Kitty Ussher, chief economist at the Institute of Directors. “We would therefore add a fifth E for ‘Empty’” to his economic framework.
Shevaun Haviland, director general of the British Chambers of Commerce, said Hunt was “right to be optimistic” about British businesses, but cautioned that “there was very little meat on the bones of his vision.”
With one fifth of working-age adults now economically inactive — totaling 6.6 million people — Hunt addressed those who retired early during the pandemic or did not return to work after furlough, telling then: “Britain needs you.”
“If companies can’t employ the staff they need, they can’t grow,” he said. “Nor will we fix our productivity puzzle unless everyone who can participate, does.”
Opposing what he called a narrative of “declinism” about Britain, Hunt argued that Brexit can be a “catalyst” for prosperity, insisting: “Our plan for growth is a plan built on freedoms which Brexit provides.”
The Office for Budget Responsibility sees the UK economy in recession for 2023, although it is forecast to grow again in the final quarter before expanding more rapidly across 2024. The UK is the only G-7 economy with GDP below pre-Covid levels.
Labour’s shadow Chancellor Rachel Reeves said Hunt’s speech illustrated how much remains to be done. “The Tories have no plan for now, and no plan for the future,” Reeves said in a statement.
--With assistance from Emily Ashton and Alex Wickham.
(Updates with reaction from paragraph 15.)
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