(Bloomberg) -- Indonesia’s path toward using entirely renewable energy sources by 2060 includes banning the sales of fossil-fuel vehicles and operating a nuclear power plant.
While the world’s top exporter of thermal coal has pledged to cut emissions by 29% within 10 years, President Joko Widodo’s administration remains wary of the economic trade-offs. His government pushed through a carbon tax amid criticism that the levy at 30,000 rupiah ($2.11) per metric ton of carbon dioxide equivalent, among the world’s lowest, won’t be enough to curb emissions.
Here’s how Indonesia plans to reach net zero emissions:
- 2022: Government passes law on renewable energy
- 2025: Renewable sources to account for 23% of energy use, with everyone having access to electricity
- 2027: All imports of liquefied petroleum gas is stopped
- 2030: Renewable energy, mostly solar, to account for 42% of use
- 2031: Government starts retiring coal-powered power plants
- 2035: Renewable sources, including solar, geothermal and hydro-powered plants, to account for 57% of energy use
- 2040: All sales of fossil-fuel motorcycles is stopped
- 2045: First nuclear power plant to start operating
- 2050: All sales of fossil fuel cars is stopped
- 2055: The last coal-powered power plants is retired
- 2060: Renewable sources to account for 100% energy use
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