Christine Poole discusses Teva Pharmaceauticals
A California judge may soon provide a clearer picture of what it will cost drug makers including Johnson & Johnson and Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. to resolve liability for their role in the U.S. opioid epidemic.
The first trial against opioid companies in almost two years started Monday in Santa Ana, where four California municipalities are demanding at least US$50 billion for what they claim was the illegal marketing of pain pills. The case, which will be decided without a jury and tried virtually, may be a road map for thousands of similar claims pending against drug makers, distributors and pharmacies.
While it’s unlikely the city of Oakland and the counties of Los Angeles, Santa Clara and Orange will get anything close to US$50 billion, the California trial “ratchets up settlement pressure on Teva and J&J,” which have already made proposals to end all the cases against them, said Holly Froum, a Bloomberg Intelligence analyst who follows the opioid litigation.
“This case could wind up being a real worst-case scenario for some of these companies,” said Richard Ausness, a University of Kentucky law professor who teaches about mass-tort cases.
More than 400,000 Americans have died from opioids over the past 20 years, sparking lawsuits by state and local governments across the country seeking compensation for spending on police and drug treatment. While opioid companies are seeking global settlements that wipe out all their liability, some cases are moving forward to trials, including the one before Orange County Superior Court Judge Peter Wilson.
Fidelma Fitzpatrick, a lawyer for the local governments, told the judge Monday that evidence will be presented showing opioid makers flooded the state with 20 billion opioid dosages over the last two decades and duped doctors and consumers about the addictive nature of the pills “that wind up causing a catastrophic public-health crisis.”
While the companies will try to shift blame for the opioid crisis onto the people who got addicted, it was the deceptive marketing campaigns that led to more prescriptions and increased dependence and overdoses, Fitzpatrick said.
The California trial involves J&J, Teva, Endo International Plc and AbbVie Inc.’s Allergan Plc. The first claims were filed in 2014 by Santa Clara and Orange counties. Los Angeles County and Oakland were added later to the case, which accuses the companies of creating a public nuisance through deceptive marketing campaigns for the painkillers.
J&J, which has stopped selling opioid-based pain medications in the U.S., appropriately marketed the drugs and “will challenge plaintiffs’ unverified claims at trial, which do not contain any proof of causation,” spokesman Jake Sargent said in an emailed statement.
“We plan to defend ourselves vigorously against these claims,” Endo spokeswoman Heather Zoumas Lubeski said in an email.
Teva spokeswoman Kelley Dougherty said the company remains ready to finalize a settlement offer it made in 2019. “While we do remain eager to identifying collaborative solutions to this crisis, we will vigorously defend Teva against these unproven allegations in Court,” she said in an email.
An AbbVie spokesperson declined to comment.
‘Didn’t Cause Crisis’
Prescriptions for Teva’s Actiq and Fentora pain medicines constituted less than 1 per cent of opioid prescriptions written over 20 years in the four California jurisdictions, the company’s lawyer, Collie James, told the judge Monday. He said the municipalities shouldn’t be permitted to blame the companies for “illegal drugs flooding into the country” and account for most of the problem.
Michael Yoder, an attorney for J&J’s Jansen unit, said Monday the design of its Duragesic patches and Nucynta tablets made them the least-abused of all opioid painkillers and “didn’t cause any opioid crisis or public nuisance.”
Endo lawyer John Hueston said the marketing for the drug maker’s Opana painkiller were “truthful and compliant” with federal rules.
J&J and Teva have made settlement offers that could have short-circuited their participation in the California trial had they been finalized in time.
In 2019, J&J proposed paying US$5 billion, part of a combined US$26 billion that included contributions from three drug distributors. No final agreement has been reached on that offer, which a federal judge overseeing opioid litigation called a benchmark for future settlements. Teva offered what it says is US$23 billion of opioid-treatment medications, a valuation disputed by some states, cities and counties.
McKinsey & Co., the consultant that advised the industry on how to sell more pills, reached a US$641.5 million settlement with states this year, but it’s being challenged by some municipalities and Native American tribes.
The last opioid trial occurred in 2019, when an Oklahoma judge ordered J&J to pay US$465 million for creating a public nuisance by duping doctors in that state to overprescribe opioid-based medications. The ruling is on appeal. Teva -- named as a defendant in the Oklahoma case -- agreed to pay US$85 million to settle the state’s claims.
“The companies’ prospects for a win here are worse than they were in Oklahoma” because California’s public-nuisance law is even broader, said Albert Lin, a University of California law professor.
Los Angeles County -- the largest U.S. county in terms of population -- wants at least US$32.5 billion to beef up its policing and treatment budges in the wake of the opioid crisis. Santa Clara and Orange counties are demanding at least US$16 billion while Oakland officials are their city deserves at least US$2 billion.
Santa Clara v. Purdue Pharma LP, No. 30--2014-00725287, Superior Court for Orange County, California (Santa Ana)