Oil touched its highest level since October 2014 as the International Energy Agency said the market looks tighter than previously thought, with demand proving resilient to omicron.

Futures in New York closed up 1.8 per cent on Wednesday, with the IEA saying in a report that oil demand is on track to hit pre-pandemic levels. The agency also said global stockpiles are falling rapidly as demand remains robust and the OPEC+ coalition struggles to revive output. That’s a further indication that production could be lower, or consumption could be higher, than the market estimates, it said.

“The market has already priced in a tighter market in 2022, and the IEA and other agencies are just catching up to that,”said Rebecca Babin, senior energy trader at CIBC Private Wealth Management. Oil could still extend its rally as “event risks in a tight market can cause outsized moves to the upside.”

An explosion on Tuesday knocked out a key crude pipeline running from Iraq to Turkey, sending futures trading above US$87 a barrel.

Embedded Image

Oil markets have tightened in recent weeks due to stronger-than-expected demand and outages in OPEC+ producers including Libya, with buyers in Asia paying sharply higher premiums for spot cargoes. 

Additionally, concerns about the impact of the omicron variant of COVID-19 have eased, global stockpiles are shrinking and unrest in the Middle East is back on the radar after a drone attack on oil facilities in the United Arab Emirates. The sizzling start to the year has prompted Goldman Sachs Group Inc. to boost its forecasts for global benchmark Brent, predicting US$100 oil in the third quarter.


  • West Texas Intermediate for February delivery, which expires Thursday, rose US$1.53 to settle at US$86.96 a barrel in New York
    • The contract’s premium over March futures, know as the prompt spread, jumped above US$1 a barrel, its strongest since mid-November
  • Brent for March settlement increased 93 cents to settle at US$88.44 a barrel

Oil’s rally, however, poses a challenge for consuming nations and central banks as they try to stave off inflation while supporting global growth. The White House plans to continue to monitor prices and hold discussions with the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies as needed, a National Security Council spokeswoman said Tuesday.

The IEA said in its report that global oil inventories have plunged over the last 12 months. Stockpiles are down by more than a billion barrels since the peak of May 2020 and are well below pre-pandemic levels, according to the report. 

“Mobility and demand overall has held up relatively well,” Daniel Hynes, senior commodity strategist at Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd., said in a Bloomberg Television interview. The “supply picture is looking decidedly tight and that’s going to keep those markets pretty well supported,” he added.

Other market news:

  • Royal Dutch Shell Plc is preparing for major work at the Pernis refinery in the Netherlands, Europe’s biggest oil-processing facility.
  • OPEC and its allies are increasing oil production but can’t solve all the sector’s issues alone, the United Arab Emirates’ energy minister said.
  • Airline traffic has weakened in Europe so far this month and broader international air travel is still a long way below pre-pandemic levels as countries around the world approach, or pass through, peak infection levels caused by the fast-spreading omicron variant.