(Bloomberg) -- The first country in the world to set a target of net zero by 2045, Sweden is already making plans to go carbon-negative. And with just over 100 days in office, the country’s climate and environment minister has vowed to quit if she’s unable to deliver on its bold climate goals. 

“If we see that, for example, I'm not able, as the minister of climate and environment, to create the change that I want to see, I would leave the government and my party would leave the government,” Romina Pourmokhtari said on Bloomberg Green’s Zero podcast.

Pourmokhtari, 27, became Sweden’s youngest-ever cabinet minister when her party joined the new coalition government in October. Made up of the Moderate party, the Christian Democrats and the Liberals (the last of which Pourmokhtari is a member), the coalition also takes support from the Sweden Democrats, a far-right party that contains climate-change deniers.

“We had a really long discussion in my party … where I was actually against cooperating with the Sweden Democrats,” Pourmokhtari says. The Liberals eventually decided to work with Sweden Democrats on issues that include the economy, immigration and energy systems, but Pourmokhtari concedes it is “not uncontroversial” for the far-right party to cooperate with “a liberal, young, female climate and environment minister.”

You can listen to the full conversation with Pourmokhtari below, and read a transcript of the episode here. To stay on top of new episodes, subscribe to Zero on Apple Podcasts, Spotify and Google.

When it comes to Sweden’s climate goals, Pourmokhtari has her work cut out for her. The country took over the presidency of the European Council in January, and the new prime minister, Ulf Kristersson, has said that climate is one of his priorities both domestically and at the EU level. But his government scrapped the climate and environment ministry in October, folding it into the business ministry. The new budget, also presented in October, shows that Sweden’s spending on environment, climate and nature will decline by 60% from 2022 levels by 2025. Half of the reduction is due to the scrapping of a low-emissions vehicle subsidy, which will end in 2024. 

“We've seen a lot of situations where companies and industries, who are actually working towards creating fossil-free goods, have had lots of difficulties with environmental permits and other things,” says Pourmokhtari, who thinks money and time are being wasted on excessive environmental legislation.  

The government’s own climate assessment says its lower environmental spending will lead to increased emissions, and current policy could put Sweden's target for cutting transportation-sector emissions 70% by 2030 out of reach. The environment ministry told Bloomberg that it is working on updating its climate plans through 2025, which it will present later this year. Outside of domestic funding, the new government has committed to doubling its foreign aid to the Global Environment Facility, a multilateral institution that supports climate projects in developing countries. 

As part of its agreement with the Sweden Democrats, the government also asked state-run utility Vattenfall AB to build new nuclear power stations to help meet the country's climate commitments and growing electricity needs. Nuclear power currently provides 31% of Sweden’s energy, while hydropower accounts for 43% and wind 17%. Polls ahead of the October election showed that 60% of the population in favor of new reactors.

“Nuclear power is plan-able, so you know when you’ll get the power,” says Pourmokhtari, adding that the country is also building a lot of offshore wind power.

--With assistance from Niclas Rolander, Lars Paulsson and Christine Driscoll.

©2023 Bloomberg L.P.