Sales of new homes in the U.S. unexpectedly advanced for a fourth month in August to the highest level in almost 14 years as record-low mortgage rates continued to entice buyers into a market with ever-shrinking supply.
Purchases of new single-family houses increased 4.8 per cent to a 1 million annualized pace, led by a flurry of demand in the South, after an upwardly revised 14.7 per cent surge in July, government data showed Thursday. The median selling price decreased from a year earlier to US$312,800 and the number of homes for sale dropped to an almost three-year low. Economists expected an 890,000 pace, according to the median estimate in a Bloomberg survey.
The data are the latest to highlight momentum in the housing market, driven by low borrowing costs and a desire for new property during a pandemic that’s led to many more Americans to work from home. At the same time, it’s difficult to gauge how long such robust demand will last, given the scale of layoffs and the potential for future job cuts without a federal fiscal aid package.
The annual rate of sales in the last four months has increased more than 77 per cent, the most for a comparable period since 1980.
Sales rose in two of four regions led by the South -- the largest region -- where purchases surged 13.4 per cent to the highest level since 2005. Demand also increased in the Northeast.
The supply of new homes continued to fall. At the current sales pace, it would take 3.3 months to exhaust the supply, the shortest time frame in records to 1963.
The 4.3 per cent decline in the median selling price from a year ago reflected the composition of homes sold. Some 34,000 properties priced from US$200,000 to almost US$300,000 were sold, the most in records back to 2002. Meanwhile, fewer properties in the higher end changed hands.
It’s the same picture for backlogs: the number of properties sold for which construction hadn’t yet started jumped to 342,000 in August, also the highest since 2006 and a sign builders will be busy for months to come.
Buyers are opting for new homes as fewer homeowners seek to sell their own properties. Mortgage rates are set to remain at historically low levels amid stimulative Federal Reserve monetary policy aimed at shoring up economic activity.
Other figures corroborate the high demand for real estate. Existing home sales strengthened in August to the highest pace since the end of 2006, following a record jump in July. Homebuilder optimism is also at an all-time high, reflecting strong current sales, the demand outlook and increased prospective buyer foot traffic.
The new-home sales report, released jointly by the Census Bureau and Department of Housing and Urban Development, tends to be volatile: it showed 90 per cent confidence that the change in sales last month ranged from a 5.7 per cent decline to a 15.3 per cent increase.