(Bloomberg) -- The rupiah risks weakening to its lowest level in almost two years as Indonesia’s ban on palm oil exports adds to headwinds from interest rate hikes in the US.

The currency fell to a one-year low last week, despite an assurance from the central bank that it would stabilize the currency. Technical support at its April 2021 low is now in danger and a breach of this level would pave the way for a decline to its September 2020 low.

Investors are watching for further export restrictions and rising demand for the dollar, said Divya Devesh, head of Asean and South-Asia FX research at Standard Chartered Bank in Singapore. He sees the rupiah depreciating to 14,800 to the greenback by the end of June, from 14,613 on Friday. 

Palm oil accounted for 1.5% of Indonesia’s gross domestic product in 2021 and the prohibition on shipments could cut $2 billion from the nation’s exports for each month it stays in place, according to estimates from Goldman Sachs Group Inc. Sales had been expected to rise by 10% this year before the ban was announced, Goldman analysts wrote in a note.

Investors will have to look past April’s trade data due this week and wait for May data to get a glimpse of the damage that’s being done to exports. The ban kicked off on April 28. 

The rupiah is hovering near 14,635 a dollar, its April 2021 low. A breach of that level paves the way for it to fall further with little major technical support until 14,950.

Meanwhile, Bank Indonesia is expected to lag behind the aggressive pace of rate hikes from the Federal Reserve.

Core inflation, the central bank’s preferred metric for deciding policy, quickened to 3.47% in April, but is still manageable, Bank Indonesia said last week. 

The differing trajectory in interest rates has seen foreign funds net sell about $4 billion of Indonesia bonds this year. A weak Indonesian bond auction last week underscored waning investor appetite for the nation’s fixed-income debt. 

Here are the key Asian economic data due this week:

  • Monday, May 16: China 1-year medium-term lending facility, industrial production, retail sales and fixed assets ex-rural, New Zealand performance services index, Japan PPI
  • Tuesday, May 17: RBA minutes, Indonesia trade balance, Singapore non-oil domestic exports, Thailand 1Q GDP and India wholesale price inflation
  • Wednesday, May 18: Australia 1Q wage price index, Japan 1Q GDP, RBI minutes
  • Thursday, May 19: Australia employment, Japan trade balance and core machine orders, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas rate decision, Malaysia trade balance
  • Friday, May 20: Japan CPI, New Zealand trade balance and credit card spending, China 1- and 5-year loan prime rate, South Korea PPI, Taiwan export orders and 1Q BoP current account balance, Indonesia 1Q BoP current account balance

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