The selloff in stocks deepened after weak consumer-spending data fueled worries about a recession, with the S&P 500 suffering its cruelest first-half since Richard Nixon’s presidency.

It was a rout for the history books, with the benchmark gauge down 21 per cent in the first six months of the year -- the most for such a span since 1970. The superlatives kept piling up across Wall Street, with 10-year US yields plunging to about 3 per cent from a decade-high of 3.5 per cent in mid-June. The dollar had for its best quarter since 2016. The nearly 60 per cent drawdown in Bitcoin since the end of March was the largest since the third quarter of 2011.

US consumer spending fell for the first time this year, suggesting an economy on somewhat weaker footing than previously thought amid rapid inflation and Federal Reserve hikes. A view that central banks need to act fast because they misjudged inflation has roiled markets, with traders ramping up bets the economy will buckle under aggressive tightening.

“The stagflation that has gripped our country right now is going to make it tough on the stock market over the intermediate term,” said Matt Maley, chief market strategist at Miller Tabak. “When demand is not the key reason why inflation is a problem, a slower economy is not going to help bring inflation down as much as some experts seem to think.”

Key segments of the world’s biggest bond market -- such as the difference between five and 10-year yields -- have inverted, signaling bets that higher rates will hurt the economy. Inversions have generally preceded recessions by about six to 18 months, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

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After a rough first half of the year, July will be pivotal for the future direction of markets amid corporate earnings, key inflation data and the Fed meeting, according to Greg Marcus, managing director at UBS Private Wealth Management. He says volatility will probably remain elevated until there’s evidence that inflation is moderating, recession risks are receding and geopolitical threats are declining.

Over the past few months a strategy that had worked well for a decade has been met with fresh lows in the market. Traders have shunned the “buy-the-dip” mantra while embracing the “sell-the-rally” mode. As a result, the S&P 500 entered a bear market for the second time since 2020, having plunged over 20 per cent from its January peak.

But dismal performance is not an indication of what’s to come. The US equity benchmark lost 21 per cent in the first half of 1970, during a period of high inflation that the current environment has been compared with. It gained 27 per cent during the last six months of that year. 

“We’re going to have a double-digit return between now and the end of the year,” Jonathan Golub, head of US equity strategy at Credit Suisse, told Bloomberg Television. “We don’t have a profit problem as much as people say.”

Earlier this week, Goldman Sachs Group Inc. strategists noted that US profit margin estimates are way too optimistic, putting stocks at risk of more declines when Wall Street analysts downgrade their expectations. Morgan Stanley’s Lisa Shalett said Monday analysts need a reality check about their earnings projections for this quarter.

Elsewhere, oil suffered its first monthly slide since November as OPEC+ completed the return of output that it halted during the pandemic. Gold dropped for a third straight month.

Some of the main moves in markets:


  • The S&P 500 fell 0.9 per cent as of 4 p.m. New York time
  • The Nasdaq 100 fell 1.3 per cent
  • The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 0.8 per cent
  • The MSCI World index fell 1 per cent


  • The Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index fell 0.4 per cent
  • The euro rose 0.4 per cent to US$1.0481
  • The British pound rose 0.4 per cent to US$1.2173
  • The Japanese yen rose 0.6 per cent to 135.74 per dollar


  • The yield on 10-year Treasuries declined seven basis points to 3.02 per cent
  • Germany’s 10-year yield declined 18 basis points to 1.34 per cent
  • Britain’s 10-year yield declined 16 basis points to 2.23 per cent


  • West Texas Intermediate crude fell 3.6 per cent to US$105.82 a barrel
  • Gold futures fell 0.6 per cent to US$1,807.30 an ounce