Goldman Sachs Group Inc.’s dealmakers capped their record year with a fourth-quarter revenue jump that helped the bank double its profit.

Investment-banking revenue climbed 27 per cent from a year earlier as fees from equity underwriting nearly tripled. The firm’s stock traders delivered a 40 per cent revenue increase, making up for fixed-income trading that fell short of analyst estimates.

“Goldman Sachs posted a very strong quarter,” Gerard Cassidy, a bank analyst at RBC Capital Markets, wrote in a note to clients. The company has delivered “best-in-class results in its investment-banking and markets businesses.”

For Chief Executive Officer David Solomon, the last few months have presented the most hopeful sign yet of investors embracing his strategy pivot, with last quarter’s 31 per cent gain marking the stock’s best period since the 59-year-old took the top job at Goldman Sachs in October 2018.

Quick Rebound

Solomon has also been able to shrug off the 1MDB scandal that had dogged his first two years atop Goldman. In October, the bank agreed to pay a record anti-bribery fine and about US$5 billion in global penalties to avoid more serious repercussions.

Still, Goldman executives warned on a call with analysts that 2021 may not bring the same trading opportunities that led to last year’s bonanza. And they said the firm’s consumer business will likely take an extra year to break even because of the pandemic.

Goldman’s shares fell 0.5 per cent to US$299.38 at 11:22 a.m. in New York. The stock soared past US$309 last week to an intraday record, and have gained 13 per cent this month.

Net income more than doubled to US$4.51 billion in the quarter, the highest in more than a decade, which pushed the annual total higher than 2019’s haul. Fixed-income trading revenue climbed 6 per cent, less than the 14 per cent gain analysts had estimated. Equities trading rose to US$2.39 billion.

A year that delivered great despair and economic pain will also go down as one of the most lucrative environments in Wall Street history. It offered up the perfect conditions for banks to print big profits powered by commodities, rates and credit. JPMorgan Chase & Co. also flourished, closing out the most profitable year ever for its trading and investment-banking division.

“Our people responded admirably to a series of professional and personal challenges, while working from home or in offices that were reshaped dramatically,” Solomon said in a statement Tuesday.

As Goldman Sachs weighs special payouts for its rainmakers this year, its expense figures point to moderation, with bonus bumps unlikely to keep pace with firmwide revenue growth. Goldman’s compensation costs fell in the fourth quarter and climbed 8 per cent for the year, well short of the 22 per cent revenue increase.

Deposits in Goldman’s consumer operation rose to US$97 billion. The bank has been marching ahead with new consumer products and offerings, and in its latest move, it took over the General Motors Co. credit-card business. And persistent strength in core trading and dealmaking franchises provide a cushion to expand new lines of revenue including the nascent transaction-banking group.

Progress on Targets

Goldman made its strongest progress in deposit growth from its debut investor day targets last year. The firm had set itself a goal of boosting deposits by US$100 billion in the coming years and has already seen a bump of US$70 billion, aided by the savings flood seen across the industry.

The bank’s deeper foray into the consumer market has resulted in a jump in money it set aside in the quarter to cover for likely losses, with provisions for credit losses rising 5 per cent from the third quarter tied to the growth of its credit-card loans. That also resulted in a small boost in its total allowance for losses during the quarter, in contrast to most of its larger peers, which released reserves.

The bank also made progress on its goal of raking in more fees from money management, as the pool of asset-management and wealth-management funds it oversees grew to US$2.1 trillion. The firm has vowed to turbocharge its capital-raising activities driven by new planned funds in alternative investments. It has secured about US$40 billion in commitments across a number of new funds and has added new sectors to focus on in the coming year.