Top brass at Canadian companies may see some of their wealth chipped away, thanks to stock-option changes in the latest federal budget.

Canada is reining in a tax break on employee stock options by introducing a cap that it expects will impact executives of major, established companies. The moves aren’t retroactive, so the changes would only apply to future options awards. Key details are still to be worked out, but based on past payouts at Canadian companies, it’s clear who could be most affected.

The list includes Hudson’s Bay Co. Chairman Richard Baker, Canadian Pacific Railway Co. Chief Executive Officer Keith Creel and Great Canadian Gaming Corp. CEO Rod Baker, based on compensation packages compiled by Bloomberg.


poll image

Are you more confident in Canada’s economy after the budget?

    Total Results: 0

    Creel is American and hasn’t benefited from Canadian stock-option tax advantages, a representative for CP said in an email. The company also said it released its latest proxy on Wednesday, listing Creel’s options at $2.5 million.

    The government plans to release more details on the tax measures before the summer, according to budget documents published Tuesday.

    “The government is concerned with the disproportionate benefit of the preferential tax regime accruing to high-income individuals who often receive large percentages of their compensation through stock option benefits," Canadian law firm Stikeman Elliott said in a note on the budget. Currently with stock options, only half the benefit is taxed as income, similar to capital gains. The government will cap the annual use of that benefit at $200,000 for employees of “large, long- established, mature firms,’’ according to budget documents.

    The budget didn’t define a “mature firm.” The move will align Canada’s system with that in the U.S., the government said.

    The stock option benefits “disproportionately accrue to a very small number of high-income individuals,’’ according to the budget. Canada had 2,330 people with total income above $1 million who claimed stock option deductions in 2017, and the average claim was $577,000, the government said. The cap wouldn’t apply to start-ups, where stock options are a key tool for cash-starved firms to attract talent.

    --With assistance from Josh Wingrove and Danielle Bochove.

    Embedded Image